What is Neurological Rehabilitation & How Can It Help Me?
There is an increasing number of incidences of neurological disorders. Doctors are developing different types of therapies to help patients affected by these. While the technology needed to cure most of these neurological diseases is a few years away, many techniques have been developed to help rehabilitate people with neurological disorders.
What is the definition of Neurological Rehabilitation?
Neurological rehabilitation is a program that has been designed to help people whose nervous systems have been affected by disorders, injuries, or diseases. The patients will be under the supervision of a doctor and the process can help improve the well being, reduce symptoms and improve the function of the affected patient by addressing neurological problems.
When did Neurological Rehabilitation practices start?
Neurological rehabilitation is actually a form of physical rehabilitation. We can trace back neurological physical rehabilitation to the 1950s when neurophysiology approaches were first being developed. In the 1980s early attempts to develop better treatment methods were conducted. With increased knowledge about the brain, people were able to scientifically design therapies that were effective. Key concepts of neurological rehabilitation or neurological physical therapy were successfully developed by the World Health Organization in the year 1980. The three key concepts laid out by the World Health Organization were handicap, impairment, and disability. Over the years these terms might have been modernized, but the essence of the concepts have remained the same.
What are the most common Neurological disorders?
Neurological disorders are diseases that affect the brain, the spine and the nerves that connect them. There are over 600 diseases that affect the nervous system. The most common ones are listed below in this neurological disorder list we have put together:
• Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: This disease is commonly known as ALS and will lead to progressive degeneration of the nerve cells that are in control of muscle movements. This disease is also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease, it has been named after Lou Gehrig as he was a New York Yankees Hall of Fame first baseman whose career was cut short because he was affected by ALS. ALS is the most common motor neuron disease in adults with over 5,000 diagnosed with ALS every year in the USA alone. It mostly affects individuals between the ages of 40 and 60 but can also affect other ages.
• Epilepsy: This is a neurological disorder whose symptoms are recurring seizures. Their seizures are caused when the nerves in the brain behave abnormally. Nearly 150,000 people develop this condition every year in the USA, almost a third of them are children.
• Epilepsy can be caused by an imbalance of neurotransmitters or by abnormal nerve connections that might form after a head injury or stroke. You can also inherit a few genes that make you more susceptible to epilepsy.
• Parkinson’s disease: This disorder affects the brain cells that control movement. There are currently over a million affected people in the USA with Parkinsons disease. The disease targets neurons that secrete dopamine, which is an important signaling compound within the brain. Dopamine along with other neurotransmitters are required to coordinate neurons and muscle cells. As Parkison’s patients lose dopamine-producing cells, the coordination between neurons and muscle cells gets disrupted. The cause of this disease is yet to be fully determined.
Other common neurological disorders are a stroke, Arteriovenous Malformation, brain aneurysm, brain tumors, dural arteriovenous fistula, multiple sclerosis, peripheral neuropathy, post-herpetic neuralgia, and spinal cord tumor.
What are the main Neurological Symptoms?
There are many types of neurological disorders and each has its own characteristic symptoms. However, there are a few symptoms that are prevalent among most neurological disorders.
• Reduced cognitive and motor skills
• Weakness in the muscles
• Lowered awareness about surrounding and decreased attention
• Complete or partial paralysis of the body
• Loss of sensation across the whole body or in a few places
• Unexplained pain in parts of the body
• Mood swings
What is a Neurological Assessment?
A neurological assessment is a thorough examination of sensory neurons and motor responses, especially reflexive actions. This examination is used to check whether the nervous system has been impaired and is administered at a neurological clinic. The neurological test usually does not involve extensive investigation, but rather just a physical examination and review of the person’s medical history.
How to Treat Neurological diseases?
The treatment for neurological diseases is as varied as the diseases themselves. Whether a patient affected by a neurological disease can be cured or not depends on what type of disease that is affecting the patient. Other than the implementation of a cure, you can improve the lives of the affected patient by a few rehabilitation techniques. These include changes in lifestyle and the introduction of physiotherapy and pain management practices. They might even be prescribed medications to improve the patient’s condition. People affected by behavioral neurological issues can be treated with cognitive behavioral therapy. Cognitive behavioral therapy is very helpful for people affected by ADHD, anxiety, and similar mood disorders.
What is a neurological Rehabilitation Center?
There are many institutions set up all over the world to help people affected by neurological disorders. You could stay as an inpatient in these centers where you will undergo treatment for your disorder while also developing the skills required to return to a healthy life. These centers will also have outpatient programs to cater to people who cannot afford to spend all their time in the rehabilitation center. Neurological rehab centers near you should consist of knowledgeable staff with extensive experience helping others diagnosed with similar disorders.
How to find a Neurological Rehab Center near you?
When Google searching for “neurological rehab center near me” you will be presented with many local rehab centers. It is recommended to contact at least three different centers to schedule a time to speak with the doctors and visit the facility. Always ask about credentials and past patient stories. This will ensure you make the correct decision for your treatment.
How to help those who experience neurological symptoms?
Neurological disorders are one of the hardest ailments to live with. The patients suffer a lot of mental and physical agony due to neurological conditions. These diseases tend to be affected by both old and young people so be on the lookout for any symptoms of neurological disorders as early diagnosis is very helpful. If you notice someone showing any minor symptoms of neurological disorder you must recommend them schedule an appointment with a certified doctor. The doctor will be able to determine what disease the person is affected with and can give the recommended course of action. The patient can then undergo a suitable rehabilitation program, this will help them lead a healthy and happy life.
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